How to Plan Your Day: A 21-Minute Habit
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Have you ever heard someone say, “You can get money back with time, but you can’t get time back with money” or anything that relays a similar message?
Basically, this is saying that if you lose money, you will have a chance to earn it back. However, if you lose an hour, you can’t replace it.
Your time is valuable, which is probably evidenced at the end of those days where you reflect on the last 14 or so hours and realize you didn’t really get anything accomplished. However, the day is over, and you can’t get it back, so you have to hope to do better tomorrow.
The key to doing better is to develop time management skills.
Having good time management skills will help you improve the quality of your work, your ability to practice self-discipline, your decision-making abilities, and increase the number of things you can get accomplished in one day. Knowing how to effectively manage your time can create a cycle that can improve all aspects of your life.
If I don’t take the time to plan out my day and I just try to “wing it”, I always find myself wasting time, whether it’s by getting too caught up in a task that isn’t important or realizing I don’t know where to start so I try to do too many things at once. And let me tell you, there are few things as aggravating than feeling like you’re busy running around all day, but realizing you’ve actually been completely unproductive.
I have learned that by taking 21 minutes to plan my day, I end up saving so much time in the end–and I reduce the amount of stress and pressure I feel throughout the day to get things finished. Planning my day also helps me prioritize, as I can easily recognize the tasks I have on deck that actually aren’t that important and won’t end up making it into my schedule. I can prioritize my time so that only the things that really matter are able to get my attention throughout the day.
In this article, I am going to help you understand the importance of managing your time, as everyone can benefit from using the finite resource of time more effectively.
I’ll give you a simple, step-by-step plan that you can use to schedule your day to create a balance in your life and find the best use for every minute that you have. By being aware of how you’re using your time, you will leave more of it open to spend on the things that you want to spend it on.
Let’s look at how you can effectively plan your day in just 21 minutes or less..
What You Will Learn
Step One: Pick Your Tools
Time Required: You only have to do this once, but it may require some trial and error. This step doesn’t count toward the time it will take to perform the daily habit of planning your day.
Before we start talking about how to plan your day, it’s important to mention that you need to have the tools that will make planning the easiest for you. Everyone is different here, so something that you find to be helpful might not be the right fit for the person across the hall from you in the office. Whatever you find works best for you, you will use this tool to keep track of your scheduled appointments, tasks, goals, important dates, etc.
You can use a digital or physical planner, depending on which you find to be more helpful and accessible. Some prefer to use a plain notebook, while others use tools that are more elaborate.
One tool that I have found to be incredibly useful in helping me manage my tasks is the Todoist app. I’ve found this to be especially helpful because it allows me to collaborate with other members of my team and create step-by-step lists for projects that I am working on in any area of my life. Personally, I prefer to keep my planning all digital, but some really crave that tangible planner to keep their schedules in order.
No matter what you find works for you, it will make planning your day a lot easier.
Step Two: List Your Fixed Tasks
Time Required: 3 minutes
Before you can add anything into your schedule, you need to block off times for the things that you can’t change. This includes work, doctor’s appointments, meetings, etc. When you’re putting these things into your plan for the day, make sure that you account for travel time and any possible buffer time that you may need. If you are going to see that one doctor who is always running an hour late, take that into account.
Step Three: Identify Your Top Three Goals
Time Required: 5 minutes
Whether you want to make progress on a project or complete a task, put the things that you absolutely want to get accomplished down in writing. Then give each goal an estimated time it will take you to complete it.
Trying to set any more than three goals for yourself each day can actually be de-motivating because it will seem overwhelming at the beginning of the day. Pick your top three goals based upon the actions that will have the biggest benefit to your long-term goals. You want to get your most important tasks completed at the beginning of the day if you can so even if the rest of your day is unproductive, you were still able to do the most important things that day.
Keep in mind that people tend to write long lists of goals because they are scared that they’re going to forget something important. But, since you never know what else is going to come up throughout the day or how your priorities could possibly change, it’s best to start the day with a limited list of tasks.
Step Four: Consider Your Self-Care Activities
Time Required: 2 minutes
Do you want to reserve some time for going to the gym tomorrow or maybe having lunch with a friend? Do you like to start (or finish) your day with some quiet meditation? Don’t forget your own needs when planning your day. Make sure to plan activities that will help you take care of yourself. Without taking proper care of yourself, your work in every other area of your life will suffer.
After finishing this step, you will have identified everything that is on your radar for the day. Now, you just need to figure out your timing for completing each task.
Step Five: Putting the Puzzle Together
Time Required: 7 minutes
Put your fixed tasks into the time slots that they are already assigned so you can see what times of the day you have a bit more flexibility. You will likely notice that you have some flexibility in the early morning, which is a great time to be productive. As you progress through the day and your energy is depleted, your motivation follows suit. Try to schedule your most important tasks for the very beginning of the day.
Before planning any task into your day, you have to come up with a rough estimate of how much time it will take. Even if you’re off, you’ll start to get some practice on how to properly manage your time. Once you do this on a regular basis, it will get easier for you to predict what you can actually accomplish in any specified amount of time.
Aside from setting aside time for self-care every day, you also need to schedule time to spend with your loved ones. It can be easy to let family time fall down on your list of priorities because you probably assume that spending time with your family is something that can always wait until the weekend.
However, weekends quickly come and go and are often filled with various activities outside of the home, which may leave you wondering on Sunday night where all of your “free time” went. Because family time can so easily slip away from you, make sure to spend at least some time with your loved ones every day. This can be as simple as eating dinner together as a family or taking the time to play a board game before bed.
Step Six: Fill in the Gaps
Time Required: 4 minutes
If you notice you have a free ten minutes here or an empty half hour there, fill this space with tasks that need to get done but always end up getting pushed to the side. These are things that aren’t helping you reach an ultimate goal, but still need to get completed.
For example, get your oil changed in your car or write a long overdue thank you note. It is during these small gaps of time that you can actually fit things in that plague you for weeks until you work up the motivation to follow through with them. If you have these things down in writing, you’re more likely to get them over and done with.
There are some tips to keep in mind when planning your day as well.
First, be realistic about the amount of time you have and the number of tasks you’re trying to plan. If you try to do too much, you may either get burnt out or feel a sense of disappointment when you’re not able to cross everything off of your to-do list.
Second, if some of your top three goals are pretty time consuming, see if you can break them up into smaller tasks. For example, if one of your goals is to clean out the garage, break it down into manageable sections so you can tackle just a bit of it each day. This way, you don’t have to wait for a day that you have three free hours in a row to accomplish this goal.
Additionally, you want to plan in some buffer time so you don’t feel rushed all day. However much time you have to accomplish things on your list, leave a fraction of it as free time for any unexpected disruptions that will come up throughout the day. And, while you will have that buffer time to account for a meeting that is running way past schedule, sometimes you will have to execute your own assertion in ending meetings or appointments that are overflowing into time that you have already scheduled for something else (however, use your discretion to determine when doing this is appropriate).
Finally, keep in mind that sometimes you will have to give yourself a little bit less time than you had probably hoped in order to get something done that is a time-sensitive priority. However, keep in mind that if you know ahead of time that you only have two hours to complete a task that you think will take two and a half hours, you can think back to Parkinson’s Law to give you a boost of confidence that you can get anything accomplished when you give yourself healthy time restraints.
Final Thoughts on How to Plan Your Day
Planning each day will not only help you make the best use of your time, it will also allow you to modify your goals and priorities as new things arise. It is much easier to predict what is going to happen in three hours than what is going to happen in three days, so breaking down your planning into daily chunks will ensure you that you won’t have to go back and erase several days and start over because something in your life suddenly changed.
I recommend creating your daily plan for the next day at night before going to sleep rather than first thing in the morning. This way, you will know exactly what you need to do as soon as you wake up in the morning, which will prevent you from having a chunk of time that could possibly go to waste as you’re slowly getting up to create your schedule.
The key to having a productive day is being prepared. Making sure that your priorities are clear every day is the best way to make sure that you are having a successful day. Soon enough, you will begin to see that you do have enough hours in your day to do everything that needs to get accomplished.
Connie Stemmle is a professional editor, freelance writer and ghostwriter. She holds a BS in Marketing and a Master’s Degree in Social Work. When she is not writing, Connie is either spending time with her 4-year-old daughter, running, or making efforts in her community to promote social justice.