Switch: How to Change Things When Change is Hard [DGH Self Help Book Reviews]
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One of the major topics here on DevelopGoodhabits is change. We focus on how to change your habits, potential habits to change, and pitfalls to avoid when making changes. Chip and Dan Heath’s book, Switch is all about change.
For this week’s book review Switch seemed like the perfect fit. The subtitle of this book shows the reason I think this book is an important one: “How to Change Things When Change Is Hard”. That sums up change just about perfectly. Many people want to change, but are unsure of how to do it, where to start, or where they really want to end up.
Unlike most of the habit changes we discuss here on DGH, Switch focuses more about changing the thoughts and views of others. This is more of a book for leaders or those in the business world who may want to take a climate of apathy and turn it into one of excitement and possibility. But even though many of the lessons are about changing attitudes of others, these choices are also valuable for personal change.
In Switch, the brothers Heath focus on the difficulties people (and groups of people) have in changing their behavior. They look to an understanding of the mind and the way the human brain works to devise shortcuts that help make change easier.
This book is a great read for anyone who:
- Wants to make a change in an organization or group.
- People who want to understand the difficulties inherent in making any change.
- Any person who wants to make a change in their own lives.
Major ideas behind SWITCH: Rider, Elephant and Path
Switch uses a few metaphors that they return to again-and-again to show their major points. These three metaphors are show three of the major points they try to make about changing (both organizational change and habit change.)
The first metaphor is the elephant. This represents our emotional side. The elephant is slow to move. He wants to be fed his peanuts and pointed in the right direction. He needs reward. The Elephant can sometimes be out of control and getting him headed in the right direction and keeping him going is one of the difficulties of change.
The second metaphor is the rider. The rider is our rational side. The rider understands what we want to do. He can have some small effect on controlling where the elephant goes and how he acts. But his control over the stubborn elephant is limited. Our rational mind can also sometimes be the cause of problems such as procrastination.
The final metaphor is the path. This is the situation you want to change. One of the big points of habit change, is to always keep this path as simple and direct as possible. If your change is just getting from point A to point be in a direct route, it will almost always be doable. If the path is a long and arduous one over rocky terrain. Things will be difficult. The path what you want to change, how well you plan to do it and how clear your direction and planning for actually is for getting the change done.
These three simple concepts are used continuously throughout the book to illustrate many points about how our emotions, rational mind and situation can either help make change easier or ensure that change will always end in failure.
What Switch teaches us about habit change
Dealing with change (SWITCH style: elephant, rider, path)
- Don’t over analyze.
- Find “bright spots” where things go right. Do more of this.
- Limit choices. More choices mean more chances to NOT decide.
- Script moves for critical change situations.
- Create a clear picture of goals.
- Leave no “wiggle room” in goals.
- Create emotional and motivational arguments for change.
- Create small wins.
- Adopt a growth mindset.
- Tie change to identity.
- Build helpful keystone habits in advance of major change.
- Create triggers for new habits.
Elephant: Best dealt with by motivation.
- Strong emotions will get the elephant moving forward and keep him going that way. Before tackling mountains, give the elephant some “small wins” by climbing a few small hills. This will reassure your inner emotional elephant that change is possible.
- Create an open and change friendly environment.
- Promote a growth mindset talked about in Carol Dweck’s book, “Mindset: The New Psychology of Success”.
Rider: Best dealt with by setting clear goals.
- The rider hates confusion and can be easily distracted. Find “bright spots” where things are already going the right way. Learn from these and use them as starting points to focus change.
- Find potential points of failure and script choices in these situations in advance. The rider hates decisions. By having an advance plan for any sticky situations you let the rider just follow a script and increase the likelihood of making the “right” decisions.
- Create an image of the end result that appeals to the emotional elephant and the analytical rider. For example, this could be a mental image of yourself 20 pounds lighter if your goal was to increase walking for weight loss. Chip and Dan Heath call this a “destination postcard”.
Path: Make it as easy as possible to reach the goal at the end of the path.
- The path should be as easy as possible to follow. The more you try to change, the more difficult it becomes. Rather than making sweeping changes, think about making a series or easy changes sequentially.
- Create keystone habits to help make harder habit change possible. Create an environment that helps to enforce the ideas of the change you desire.
- People are pack animals. Show others the popularity of a change to get them on board. If majority doing well with change, use peer pressure on minority. If minority making change, give advantages to the minority and help them convince the majority of the benefits of change.
Want to read other self-help books? Check out:
Are you interested in more stuff on changing habits?
We have a lot of articles here on DGH about change and changing habits. But the following 7 articles that will teach you the most about making habit changes (with one article giving some ideas on WHAT you can change):
- 27 PROVEN steps for breaking ANY Bad Habit
- Create lifelong routines: ONE habit at a time
- If-Then plans and achieving your habit change goals
- Hawthorne Effect: how observation effects change
- How to Form a Habit in 8 Easy Steps
- Is Quitting “Cold Turkey” a good idea?
- 203 Good habits list: Ideas for habit change