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When it comes to one’s state of mind, researchers believe there are two types of people in this world.
Type I is the type of person that believes we are born a certain way…with a certain level of intelligence, natural ability and talent.
Type II believes that anything is possible… that you can become more proficient at things, and smarter, if you put the effort in.
The way you view yourself all boils down to mindset.
If you identify with Type I, you likely have what researchers call a fixed mindset.
Conversely, if you identify with Type II and believe in self improvement, you have a growth mindset.
People with a fixed mindset believe they cannot change. They also tend to believe there is no room for improvement or growth.
People with a growth mindset, however, believe they can improve themselves with time and experience… and that their efforts will directly impact their success.
As an adult, you may feel it’s too late for you to change… but as a parent, the concept of growth mindset for kids is one that can still be taught.
And it should be taught.
Many children are under so much pressure these days to be the best, that they tend to lose sight of the importance of self worth and self improvement.
If educators have classified a child as “gifted” at a young age… more times than not, these children will grow up feeling that they need to be on their game 24/7.
They often struggle with the impression of being born smart… so, naturally, everything should come easy for them. And that is not always the case.
Conversely, if a child is not deemed “gifted”… is that to say they aren’t intelligent? Or can’t become smarter?
The same goes for athletically inclined children.
For some children, the ability to excel in sports comes naturally… but does that mean there is no opportunity for others to practice hard every day and improve their chances of making the team?
Preaching the growth mindset for kids to your children will not only take some of the pressure off that society places on them… but also shift their focus on the positive attributes they already possess.
This will ultimately lead to a greater sense of self esteem, positive outlook on life and staunch work ethic.
What You Will Learn
- Every child is different.
- How to Teach Your Child the Growth Mindset
- Strategy #1: Acknowledge Their Strengths
- Strategy #2: Be The Example
- Strategy #3: Outline Realistic Goals
- Strategy #4: Praise Generally, Not Specifically
- Strategy #5: Ignite Trial By Fire
- Strategy #6: View Failure As An Opportunity For Growth
- Strategy #7: Do Not Tolerate Self-Bashing Behaviors
- Strategy #8: Dismiss The Competition
- Strategy #9: Preach The Idea Of Constructive Criticism
- Final Thoughts on Teaching Your Kids the Growth Mindset
Every child is different.
I am blessed to have four, very unique little humans proving that point on a daily basis.
Our first set the bar pretty high, stereotypically speaking.
He slept ok, about 4-6 hours at a time. He was also very calm and independent. Very aware. Very in tune.
He walked early. Talked early. Read early.
The pre-school teachers dubbed him as gifted and said he should go to Kindergarten as soon as possible.
So we sent him.
He is now in fourth grade and has had no trouble academically.
Socially, however, he’s had some struggles with focus at times.
And, emotionally speaking, he can be hard on himself if he doesn’t do perfectly on a test or excel in a particular area.
When his sister was born, we noticed differences in their personalities almost immediately.
She was sleeping 10+ hours a night almost from the start. She was a voracious eater. And she was also much fiercer and more independent… learning to walk one month sooner than him.
Reading, however, didn’t come as naturally for her as it did for our son. But, with a lot of hard work and practice with her dad over the summer, she still managed to be able to read on her own within the first two months of Kindergarten… ahead of many of her peers.
To this day, she is a hard worker and considered a model student by her second-grade teacher.
Our third and fourth children are still young, ages 5 and 6… but starting to find their way. The six-year-old is struggling with reading and writing a bit more than her siblings. We suspect she may have a slight learning disability and are working to have her assessed.
Our five-year-old is considered extremely intelligent and academically capable of skipping a grade… although the maturity level is not quite there.
So why did I share all of this?
Because establishing a growth mindset for kids may be more challenging for some than others.
My family is living proof.
That being said, it absolutely can be taught.
In this article, I will identify 9 strategies you can implement in order to help your children develop the growth mindset.
How to Teach Your Child the Growth Mindset
Strategy #1: Acknowledge Their Strengths
My husband and I apply this strategy on a daily basis with each of our kids, continuously acknowledging their strengths.
Our oldest son, now 9 years-old, likely suffers from a fixed mindset… at least to some degree. I take part of the blame, as he was our first… and the first child typically sets a standard of expectations for the rest, for better or for worse.
When we were told how smart he was, we rolled with it. Sent him to kindergarten early… never stopping to think about the emotional or psychological fall out it could have later on.
So when he gets down on himself about struggling in some areas, or not being the tallest kid in class, we play up his strengths.
We remind him of how good he is in math and science.
How creative he is, writing and drawing his own comics… or creating his own board game. (Learn the benefits of creative writing for children.)
How he earned his black belt in taekwondo before turning 10 years old.
Of what an excellent soccer player, displaying positional awareness that almost can’t be taught.
We tell him he is handsome and kind… and really, really funny.
By redirecting the focus on his positive attributes, we are hoping to gradually shift his way of thinking to one of a growth mindset. To make him believe that anything is possible with hard work and the desire to succeed.
As for our 6 year-old daughter who is struggling with reading (we suspect dyslexia)… she is an amazing artist.
With art, there is no right or wrong. It’s purely about expression. And art appears to be her outlet for when she’s frustrated.
So to acknowledge that strength and talent, we’ve started hanging her best pieces. It makes her feel extremely proud, rather than ashamed of the things she isn’t so great at.
Strategy #2: Be The Example
As a parent, it may feel as if you’re talking to the wall sometimes. (Though it doesn't always have to be. There are conversation starters for kids you can use.)
Sadly, you are.
Let’s face it, kids are kids. They are often easily distracted… and, quite frankly, just don’t care what you have to say at times.
But that doesn’t mean they aren’t watching you.
Whether you realize it or not, you are a role model for your kids. Your actions are not lost on them.
So if you give up easily, or are afraid to try new things… what do you think they will do?
This winter, we took the kids to a ski resort… and got them snowboarding lessons.
I signed up as well.
Well, for one, I am not the type of person who wants to sit back in the lodge while my family is out having fun.
Second, I had never done it and wanted to show the kids that it was never too late to try something new.
So… the kids and I took our lessons and we fell. A lot.
In fact, I had such a bad fall once I thought I had dislocated my shoulder.
But, the kids were watching… so I got back up and went down again. Taught them not to be afraid.
I lead by example.
And by the end of the day, I was going down the blue slopes.
Since that moment, the kids have been hooked, asking when we can go again.
They now know that falling is all a part of the learning process and, eventually, they will fall less… until they are good.
Had I given up, they likely would have too.
(To understand yourself better when it comes to relating to your kids, check out these parenting style quizzes.)
Strategy #3: Outline Realistic Goals
Often one of the most common mistakes people make in life is setting unrealistic goals for themselves.
By doing so, you are just setting yourself up for failure.
Coming up with a list of tangible goals is an important step when it comes to teaching the growth mindset for kids.
For instance, if your tween is feeling inadequate because he doesn’t have the stamina to run a 5K with his best friend… why not sit down with him and come up with a training plan filled with tangible goals?
Start by working up to running one mile without stopping.
Then work up to two miles, mixing in running and walking at a brisk pace… etc.
Celebrate each goal as it’s accomplished… focusing on the short-term victories, rather than just the long term goal.
It will give your kid just the confidence boost he needs to succeed!
You can even get your kids involved in goal setting. Check out these SMART goal examples specific for kids.
Strategy #4: Praise Generally, Not Specifically
As parents… heck, as people… we are hardwired to make a big deal out of being the best.
But what if you were to generalize the way your praise, rather than making it all about specific results?
Here’s what I mean…
Instead of looking at your child’s report card and congratulating her on getting all A’s and B’s… try acknowledging the hard work they put into the semester to get those grades.
The commonly used phrase, “A for effort”, really does carry some weight when it comes to fostering the growth mindset for kids.
By switching the focus from results to effort, you are instilling in them the importance of working hard to get what you want.
If you want specific examples, here's our post on growth mindset phrases to encourage children.
Strategy #5: Ignite Trial By Fire
Perhaps you have a timid kid?
One who is so stricken with fear over failing, or not being the best at something, that they are hesitant to try anything new.
This is unhealthy, to say the least.
And it is also a surefire way of slipping back into, or becoming trapped, in a fixed mindset mentality.
You know, the one where you don’t believe in self-improvement because “you are who you are”.
But anyone who preaches a growth mindset knows that practice makes perfect. That you, and only you, have the power to improve any given situation.
That you are capable of putting in the work to see results.
If your child seems interested in playing basketball, sign them up for a recreation league.
Don’t give them a choice in the matter. Instead, reassure them that there is no failure in trying… and how brave they are for doing so. Lend your support.
If basketball isn’t for them, they’ll know, and move on to something else.
If they enjoy it, they can only get better with time.
Whatever their choice, you’ve taught them not to let fear disrupt a potential path to success.
Strategy #6: View Failure As An Opportunity For Growth
Practicing the growth mindset is very much about resilience.
You need to teach your kids from an early age that mistakes are part of the learning process.
So rather than beating themselves up, or quitting, over a mistake… they need to view it as an opportunity to grow and change. To work harder.
Discuss the mistakes together.
Share some of your own mistakes with them… something they can relate to, which may help them feel less bad about their own.
You may even want to search for someone famous they admire on Wikipedia, which provides a neatly outlined bio on who they were before they made history. They may be surprised at the hiccups we all face along the way to where we are meant to be.
However you choose to tackle it, assure them that mistakes are a part of life… and necessary in order to appreciate what we earn.
Strategy #7: Do Not Tolerate Self-Bashing Behaviors
Self-flagellation is all too common among young kids.
I’ve heard my own children refer to themselves as “dumb” or “stupid” more times than I can count… and they are 5, 6, 8 and 9 years old.
Where do they get it from?
My husband and I certainly don’t use those words to describe them. In fact, we try not to use those words at all.
Do they hear it on television?
Are other children calling them names?
Regardless of where, the fact that they think of themselves in that way should not be tolerated at home. So if you hear your child refer to themselves in a negative fashion, nip it in the bud immediately.
Tell them you highly disagree and quickly jot down 3 or more positive adjectives you’d use to describe them instead.
Next, have them write down 3 or more things they like about themselves.
Have your child keep both lists as a reminder the next time they are feeling inadequate.
Is your child a visual learner? Here's a roundup of our favorite growth mindset videos that kids can watch on YouTube.
Strategy #8: Dismiss The Competition
Raise your hand if you’re child has come home from school, complaining how someone is better than them at something.
Sarah got an award from the Principal for her essay.
David medaled at the track meet today.
The best way to handle this is to dismiss the comment. Play it down.
Phrases like, “Good for him (or her)!” or “That’s nice.”, are good starts.
Even better yet is to dismiss the comment and immediately follow up with a compliment to your child. That or something you’re proud of them for.
Something like this…
“Good for her, honey. Hey, did I mention that Mrs. Johnson next door told me how kind you were for bringing in her trash cans this morning? That was so great of you! You’re such a nice kid.”.
In a very subtle way, you’ve successfully switched your child’s focus from the person they are jealous over… back onto them.
Strategy #9: Preach The Idea Of Constructive Criticism
When your child receives criticism, albeit constructive, from a mentor (ie., parent, teacher, tutor or coach)… their initial reaction is likely to view it as a negative.
Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to convert the stigma of criticism as a negative into a positive.
How, you ask?
For starters, try replacing the phrase “constructive criticism” with the word “advice”.
Explain to them that a person giving instructions on how to improve themselves should be viewed as helpful, not derogatory.
Another exercise you could implore is having your child create a list of things they want to improve upon… and show it to whichever adult is working with them on that task.
This way, the “advice” is coming from themselves, rather than another person… which may prove to be an easier pill to swallow.
Nobody likes having their shortcomings pointed out to them, but if you can retrain the way a child’s brain views this constructive criticism… it will likely go along way in strengthening their growth mindset.
Final Thoughts on Teaching Your Kids the Growth Mindset
Teaching the concept of a growth mindset for kids isn’t all that different from exercising positive reinforcement and self-awareness strategies with your child.
At the very core, every child needs to feel as if they are “good enough”.
They need to have continual encouragement and support from those around them… especially that of their parents or caregivers.
A child’s self-esteem is often built around hope. Hope that they can do anything they set their mind to.
They can do better in school.
They can do better at sports.
They can make new friends.
They can try new things.
They can succeed.
It’s almost a mantra.
If you teach your child from an early age that there is always a chance to improve themselves, to meet and exceed their goals in life… then they will.
They will believe it. They will achieve it.
It’s as simple as that.
Conversely, if you let them become complacent and comfortable with who they are, they will never strive to be anything more. They will be lost in a fixed mindset, which is much harder to unlearn as they get older.
Not impossible, but difficult.
So, as my last bit of advice, I offer this… check yourself. Test your mindset.
Which one are you?
If you are already of the growth mindset, then teaching it to your child should be a piece of cake… especially if you incorporate the nine strategies we’ve outlined here.
If you are of a fixed mindset… correct yourself first. Break the cycle. (This article about how to be more patient with kids is also helpful in your journey.)
It’s never too late for either of you to learn the growth mindset… and I guarantee you’ll both feel like a weight has been lifted once you do!
Finally, you can reinforce teaching growth mindset to your kids by setting sensible house rules that'll help them grow into well-rounded adults.
Nicole Krause has been writing both personally and professionally for over 20 years. She holds a dual B.A. in English and Film Studies. Her work has appeared in some of the country’s top publications, major news outlets, online publications and blogs. As a happily married (and extremely busy) mother of four… her articles primarily focus on parenting, marriage, family, finance, organization and product reviews.